Keetch-Byram Drought Index (KBDI) – U.S. Forest Service
United States Forest Service (USFS) Wildland Fire Assessment System (WFAS)
The Keetch-Byram Drought Index (KBDI) assesses the risk of fire by representing the net effect of evapotranspiration and precipitation in producing cumulative moisture deficiency in deep duff and upper soil layers.
The KBDI attempts to measure the amount of precipitation necessary to return the soil to full field capacity. The index ranges from zero, the point of no moisture deficiency, to 800, the maximum drought that is possible, and represents a moisture regime from 0 to 8 inches of water through the soil layer. At 8 inches of water, the KBDI assumes saturation. At any point along the scale, the index number indicates the amount of net rainfall that is required to reduce the index to zero, or saturation.
What can I do with these data?
- View the amount of precipitation necessary to return the soil to full field capacity.
How do I use the site?
- Use your cursor to select between “Current Conditions” for the Contiguous U.S. or Alaska
- To save image: right-click image and select “Save Image As...”
- View archived maps for the Contiguous U.S., select “US48” under “Image Archive”
Keetch-Byram Drought Index maps: View current conditions for the contiguous U.S. or Alaska.
Archived Keetch-Byram Drought Index maps: View previous maps of the Contiguous U.S.
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