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Drought and water scarcity present unique challenges for the energy sector. All sources of energy require water in their production processes, and energy is required to extract, convey, and deliver water. Because energy and water are so interdependent, the availability and predictability of water resources can directly affect energy systems.

U.S. Power Plants in Drought

This map shows U.S. power plants in drought. Drought conditions are based on the latest U.S. Drought Monitor, with power plant data from the U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA).

This map shows U.S. hydroelectric power plants in drought. Drought conditions are based on the latest U.S. Drought Monitor, with hydropower plant data from the U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA).

Power Plants in Drought

The color with the hex code #7fb135 identifies:
Plants Not in Drought
The color with the hex code #ffff00 identifies:
Plants in D0 - Abnormally Dry
The color with the hex code #ffcc99 identifies:
Plants in D1 - Moderate Drought
The color with the hex code #ff6600 identifies:
Plants in D2 - Severe Drought
The color with the hex code #ff0000 identifies:
Plants in D3 - Extreme Drought
The color with the hex code #660000 identifies:
Plants in D4 - Exceptional Drought

Hydroelectric Power Plants in Drought

The color with the hex code #7fb135 identifies:
Plants Not in Drought
The color with the hex code #ffff00 identifies:
Plants in D0 - Abnormally Dry
The color with the hex code #ffcc99 identifies:
Plants in D1 - Moderate Drought
The color with the hex code #ff6600 identifies:
Plants in D2 - Severe Drought
The color with the hex code #ff0000 identifies:
Plants in D3 - Extreme Drought
The color with the hex code #660000 identifies:
Plants in D4 - Exceptional Drought
Key Issues

Water Supply

Reduced water supply can lead to reduced energy production, and even to temporary closure of energy facilities.

Hydropower

Low water levels in reservoirs during drought conditions can reduce the energy that can be generated by hydroelectric dams.

High Temperatures

High temperatures that often accompany and exacerbate drought affect the energy supply chain, reduce biofuel feedstocks, and increase the risk of wildfire, which can impact energy infrastructure.

Related Content

Data & Maps | Water Supply

Identify and access datasets and maps for monitoring water supply.

Data & Maps | Temperature & Precipitation

Access current, historical, and forecasted temperature and precipitation datasets and maps.