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Drought and water scarcity present unique challenges for the energy sector. All sources of energy require water in their production processes, and energy is required to extract, convey, and deliver water. Because energy and water are so interdependent, the availability and predictability of water resources can directly affect energy systems.

U.S. Power Plants in Drought

Power Plants in Drought
Hydroelectric Power Plants in Drought

Key Issues

Water Supply

Reduced water supply can lead to reduced energy production, and even to temporary closure of energy facilities.


Low water levels in reservoirs during drought conditions can reduce the energy that can be generated by hydroelectric dams.

High Temperatures

High temperatures that often accompany and exacerbate drought affect the energy supply chain, reduce biofuel feedstocks, and increase the risk of wildfire, which can impact energy infrastructure.

Related Content

Data & Maps | Water Supply

Access datasets and maps for monitoring water supply.

Data & Maps | Temperature & Precipitation

Access current, historical, and forecasted temperature and precipitation datasets and maps.