Skip to main content
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

The South Rim of the Grand Canyon after a snow storm
During the climatological peak of snow season, snow drought and early, accelerated snowmelt raise concerns as we head into summer. Read the latest snow drought status update for the Western U.S.

Advancing Drought Science and Preparedness Across the Nation

The National Integrated Drought Information System (NIDIS) is a multi-agency partnership that coordinates drought monitoring, forecasting, planning, and information at national, tribal, state, and local levels.

Current Conditions and Outlooks

The U.S. Drought Monitor (USDM) is updated each Thursday to show the location and intensity of drought across the country. Drought categories show experts’ assessments of conditions related to dryness and drought including observations of how much water is available in streams, lakes, and soils compared to usual for the same time of year. 

Learn More

The Climate Prediction Center's (CPC's) Seasonal Drought Outlook is issued monthly on the third Thursday of each month. The Outlook predicts whether drought will emerge, stay the same, or get better in the next three months.

Learn More

U.S. Drought Monitor Category

% of U.S.
The color with the hex code #ffff00 identifies:
D0 - Abnormally Dry
58.4
The color with the hex code #ffcc99 identifies:
D1 - Moderate Drought
37.6
The color with the hex code #ff6600 identifies:
D2 - Severe Drought
25.6
The color with the hex code #ff0000 identifies:
D3 - Extreme Drought
16.9
The color with the hex code #660000 identifies:
D4 - Exceptional Drought
7.4

Drought Outlook Category

% of U.S.
The color with the hex code #9b634a identifies:
Drought persists
32.1
The color with the hex code #ded2bc identifies:
Drought remains but improves
2.2
The color with the hex code #b2ad69 identifies:
Drought removal likely
5.3
The color with the hex code #ffde63 identifies:
Drought development likely
8.9
News
Site Section
News & Events
U.S. Drought Monitor The first U.S. Drought Monitor issued over the winter was on December 22, 2020. As shown on the first map below, drought and dryness covered almost all of the Great Plains and West when winter began, except for parts of the Pacific Northwest and Southern Plains. The epicenter of the drought was the Southwest into the Central Rockies and W. Texas. East of the Plains,
Site Section
News & Events
Last year, extreme heat and extensive drought led to a series of large wildfires across the western United States. Wildfires covered 10,122,336 acres of the U.S. in 2020, and federal fire suppression costs alone totaled nearly $2.3 billion. In drought conditions, dry, hot, and windy weather combined with dried out (and more flammable) vegetation can increase the potential for large-scale
Site Section
News & Events
El Niño and La Niña events show a wide range of durations over the historical record, but whether event duration can be predicted has remained largely unknown. Since longer-lived, multi-year El Niño and La Niña events could extend their climate and socioeconomic impacts, it’s important to have accurate predictions of their durations with the longest lead times possible. A new study published