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Published on
June 30, 2021

Effective use of drought forecasts is critical for farmers to make proactive, well-informed decisions. A key factor that determines how decision makers respond to and use drought forecasts is the extent to which they trust those forecasts. However, modeling studies of forecast valuation have rarely considered the role of user trust in a forecast’s value.  To help integrate user trust into forecast valuation, a new NIDIS-funded study proposes a framework to model trust in drought forecast information that captures how users’ trust forms and evolves over time and shows how trust influences users’ decisions. 

Published on
June 9, 2021

The National Integrated Drought Information System (NIDIS) is pleased to announce the release of A Strategy for the National Coordinated Soil Moisture Monitoring Network: Coordinated, High-Quality, Nationwide Soil Moisture Information for the Public Good (also known as the “NCSMMN Strategy”). Developed in part to fulfill the requirements of the NIDIS Reauthorization Act of 2018 (P.L. 115-423), the NCSMM Strategy is the result of a 2-year multi-agency effort that included broad community engagement. 

Published on
April 15, 2021

In a special American Meteorological Society collection, 13 papers based on research funded by the National Integrated Drought Information System (NIDIS) describe advances leading to improved monitoring, prediction, and understanding of past droughts.

Published on
March 24, 2021

When winter began, drought and dryness covered almost all of the Great Plains and West, and the snowfall in winter 2020-2021 didn’t do much to help conditions in the Western U.S. Explore drought conditions across the U.S. this winter in a series of 8 maps.

Published on
March 16, 2021

Last year, extreme heat and extensive drought led to a series of large wildfires across the western United States. To help address growing wildfire-related challenges, the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) has rolled out a new Wildland Fire Science Strategy that lays out the critical needs for wildfire research over the next five years. Released in February, this strategy can be used to better understand the balance between fire’s benefits and its detrimental impacts.

Published on
March 9, 2021

El Niño and La Niña events show a wide range of durations over the historical record, but whether event duration can be predicted has remained largely unknown. Since longer-lived, multi-year El Niño and La Niña events could extend their climate and socioeconomic impacts, it’s important to have accurate predictions of their durations with the longest lead times possible. A new study published in the Journal of Climate uses the Community Earth System Model, version 1 (CESM1) to show that event duration is highly predictable.

Published on
March 9, 2021

Land-surface models (LSMs) play a key role in the monitoring and forecasting of drought. A new study published in the Journal of Hydrometeorology builds on previous research to evaluate the impact of assimilating Leaf Area Index (LAI) observations on the Noah-MP LSM's ability to estimate agricultural drought. 

Published on
February 2, 2021

Flash drought has serious real-world implications. The 2017 Northern Plains flash drought resulted in fires that burned 4.8 million acres and U.S. agricultural losses in excess of $2.6 billion dollars. Neither the drought’s swift onset nor its severity were forecasted. Episodes like this have sparked intense interest in flash drought in both the research community and the end user/applications community. Clear conceptualization of flash drought is important to both communities as there are differing understandings and confusion on what flash drought is and how it differs from other droughts. To address this need, NIDIS held a virtual workshop in December 2020 that convened researchers and end users to begin developing a shared understanding/definition of flash drought, and to identify research and tools needed to improve flash drought early warning.
 

Published on
January 12, 2021

NOAA’s National Integrated Drought Information System (NIDIS) has launched the redesigned U.S. Drought Portal (www.drought.gov) to better serve stakeholders, decision makers, the media, and the public. The new website features updated content and new interactive architecture designed to provide actionable, shareable information and easy-to-understand graphics describing current drought conditions and forecasts by city, county, state, zip code, and at watershed to global scales. The Drought Portal also aggregates and presents drought impact data for economic sectors such as agriculture, energy, water utilities, and tourism and recreation using interactive maps and data that don’t exist anywhere else

Published on
January 7, 2021

This series of maps shows a recap of drought across the United States in 2020, covering U.S. Drought Monitor category changes, precipitation and temperature conditions, streamflow and groundwater levels, wildfire, evaporative demand, snow drought, and more.