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Wheat crops affected by drought
Flash droughts can cause extensive damage to agriculture, economies, and ecosystems, but more research is needed to define flash drought and identify research needs. Read this report for key takeaways from the NIDIS 2020 Virtual Flash Drought Workshop and priority actions to help advance flash drought research and tool development.

Advancing Drought Science and Preparedness Across the Nation

The National Integrated Drought Information System (NIDIS) is a multi-agency partnership that coordinates drought monitoring, forecasting, planning, and information at national, tribal, state, and local levels.

Current Conditions and Outlooks

The U.S. Drought Monitor (USDM) is updated each Thursday to show the location and intensity of drought across the country. Drought categories show experts’ assessments of conditions related to dryness and drought including observations of how much water is available in streams, lakes, and soils compared to usual for the same time of year. 

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The Climate Prediction Center's (CPC's) Seasonal Drought Outlook is issued monthly on the third Thursday of each month. The Outlook predicts whether drought will emerge, stay the same, or get better in the next three months.

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U.S. Drought Monitor Category

% of U.S.
The color with the hex code #ffff00 identifies:
D0 - Abnormally Dry
49.3
The color with the hex code #ffcc99 identifies:
D1 - Moderate Drought
39.7
The color with the hex code #ff6600 identifies:
D2 - Severe Drought
32.0
The color with the hex code #ff0000 identifies:
D3 - Extreme Drought
21.2
The color with the hex code #660000 identifies:
D4 - Exceptional Drought
7.4

Drought Outlook Category

% of U.S.
The color with the hex code #9b634a identifies:
Drought persists
32.1
The color with the hex code #ded2bc identifies:
Drought remains but improves
2.2
The color with the hex code #b2ad69 identifies:
Drought removal likely
5.3
The color with the hex code #ffde63 identifies:
Drought development likely
8.9
News
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News & Events
Effective use of drought forecasts is critical for farmers to make proactive, well-informed decisions. Forecasts are especially important in rainfed agriculture, since without irrigation, little can be done to protect against droughts once a crop is planted. A key factor that determines how decision makers respond to and use drought forecasts is the extent to which they trust those forecasts.
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News & Events
The National Integrated Drought Information System (NIDIS) is pleased to release A Strategy for the National Coordinated Soil Moisture Monitoring Network: Coordinated, High-Quality, Nationwide Soil Moisture Information for the Public Good (also known as the “NCSMMN Strategy”). Developed in part to fulfill the requirements of the NIDIS Reauthorization Act of 2018 (P.L. 115-423
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News & Events
In a special American Meteorological Society (AMS) collection, 13 papers based on research funded by the National Integrated Drought Information System (NIDIS) describe advances leading to improved monitoring, prediction, and understanding of past droughts.  The advances represent outcomes funded through the third NOAA Climate Program Office Modeling, Analysis, Predictions, and