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Current U.S. Drought Monitor Conditions for Iowa

The U.S. Drought Monitor (USDM) is updated each Thursday to show the location and intensity of drought across the country. This map shows drought conditions across Iowa using a five-category system, from Abnormally Dry (D0) conditions to Exceptional Drought (D4). The USDM is a joint effort of the National Drought Mitigation Center, USDA, and NOAA. Learn more.

The following state-specific drought impacts were compiled by the National Drought Mitigation Center. While these impacts are not exhaustive, they can help provide a clearer picture of drought in Iowa. 

D0 - Abnormally Dry
  • Corn shows drought stress; soil is dry
92.6
of IA
(D0–D4)
D1 - Moderate Drought
  • Soybeans abort pods; corn test weights are struggling
  • Grasses are brown; more grass fires occur; burn bans are issued
  • Pond levels decline
73.3
of IA
(D1–D4)
D2 - Severe Drought
  • Dryland corn has extremely low yields; commodity shortages are noted; livestock is stressed
  • Fire danger is high
  • Surface water levels are low; algae blooms increase; voluntary water conservation is requested
29.8
of IA
(D2–D4)
D3 - Extreme Drought
  • Pastures are dry; producers sell cattle; crops are tested for toxins; crops have pest infestation
  • Trees drop leaves; acorns are underdeveloped
  • Warm water leads to fish kills; streambeds are low to dry
12.0
of IA
(D3–D4)
D4 - Exceptional Drought
  • Row crop yields and forage production have significant impacts
  • Extreme measures are taken to conserve water
  • Aquatic invertebrates in waterways increase
0.6
of IA
(D4)
D0 - Abnormally Dry
  • Corn shows drought stress; soil is dry
92.6
of IA
(D0–D4)
D1 - Moderate Drought
  • Soybeans abort pods; corn test weights are struggling
  • Grasses are brown; more grass fires occur; burn bans are issued
  • Pond levels decline
73.3
of IA
(D1–D4)
D2 - Severe Drought
  • Dryland corn has extremely low yields; commodity shortages are noted; livestock is stressed
  • Fire danger is high
  • Surface water levels are low; algae blooms increase; voluntary water conservation is requested
29.8
of IA
(D2–D4)
D3 - Extreme Drought
  • Pastures are dry; producers sell cattle; crops are tested for toxins; crops have pest infestation
  • Trees drop leaves; acorns are underdeveloped
  • Warm water leads to fish kills; streambeds are low to dry
12.0
of IA
(D3–D4)
D4 - Exceptional Drought
  • Row crop yields and forage production have significant impacts
  • Extreme measures are taken to conserve water
  • Aquatic invertebrates in waterways increase
0.6
of IA
(D4)
D0 - Abnormally Dry
  • Corn shows drought stress; soil is dry
100.0
of IA
(D0–D4)
D1 - Moderate Drought
  • Soybeans abort pods; corn test weights are struggling
  • Grasses are brown; more grass fires occur; burn bans are issued
  • Pond levels decline
87.7
of IA
(D1–D4)
D2 - Severe Drought
  • Dryland corn has extremely low yields; commodity shortages are noted; livestock is stressed
  • Fire danger is high
  • Surface water levels are low; algae blooms increase; voluntary water conservation is requested
38.3
of IA
(D2–D4)
D3 - Extreme Drought
  • Pastures are dry; producers sell cattle; crops are tested for toxins; crops have pest infestation
  • Trees drop leaves; acorns are underdeveloped
  • Warm water leads to fish kills; streambeds are low to dry
7.1
of IA
(D3–D4)
D4 - Exceptional Drought
  • Row crop yields and forage production have significant impacts
  • Extreme measures are taken to conserve water
  • Aquatic invertebrates in waterways increase
0.2
of IA
(D4)
1,990,560
people in Iowa are affected by drought
36
counties with USDA disaster designations
14th
driest October was in 2022, over the past 128 years
16th
driest year to date was in 2022, over the past 128 years

Explore Drought Conditions by City and County

Summary

View up-to-date drought conditions down to the city and county level, including temperature, and precipitation conditions, key drought indicators, outlooks, historical conditions, and water supply, agriculture, and public health maps.

View Conditions by City:
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Drought in Iowa from 2000–Present

The U.S. Drought Monitor started in 2000. Since 2000, the longest duration of drought (D1–D4) in Iowa lasted 151 weeks beginning on August 9, 2011, and ending on June 24, 2014. The most intense period of drought occurred the week of September 25, 2012, where D4 affected 2.52% of Iowa land.

The U.S. Drought Monitor (USDM) is a national map released every Thursday, showing parts of the U.S. that are in drought. The USDM relies on drought experts to synthesize the best available data and work with local observers to interpret the information. The USDM also incorporates ground truthing and information about how drought is affecting people, via a network of more than 450 observers across the country, including state climatologists, National Weather Service staff, Extension agents, and hydrologists. Learn more.

Time Period (Years): to