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Current U.S. Drought Monitor Conditions for South Dakota

The U.S. Drought Monitor (USDM) is updated each Thursday to show the location and intensity of drought across the country. This map shows drought conditions across South Dakota using a five-category system, from Abnormally Dry (D0) conditions to Exceptional Drought (D4). The USDM is a joint effort of the National Drought Mitigation Center, USDA, and NOAA. Learn more.

The following state-specific drought impacts were compiled by the National Drought Mitigation Center. While these impacts are not exhaustive, they can help provide a clearer picture of drought in South Dakota. 

D0 - Abnormally Dry
  • Grain and pasture growth is stunted
99.0
of SD
D1 - Moderate Drought
  • Topsoil is dry; grain crop yields decline
  • Pasture and water supplies decline; cattle industry is under stress
89.7
of SD
D2 - Severe Drought
  • Planting begins early; irrigation use increases
  • Hay is short; cattle sales are early
  • Fire season is extended; fire season is early; grass fires are common
68.8
of SD
D3 - Extreme Drought
  • Row crop loss is significant
  • Producers haul water for cattle and provide supplemental feeding; cattle sales increase
  • Burn bans begin
17.6
of SD
D4 - Exceptional Drought
  • Row crop loss is significant; producers are selling livestock herds; market prices fall
  • Epizootic hemorrhagic disease spreads; wildlife populations decline; recreational fishing and hunting are affected
  • Extremely low flow and river debris impair navigation of major rivers; commercial barge traffic slows; water use restrictions are implemented
0
of SD
D0 - Abnormally Dry
  • Grain and pasture growth is stunted
99.0
of SD
D1 - Moderate Drought
  • Topsoil is dry; grain crop yields decline
  • Pasture and water supplies decline; cattle industry is under stress
90.1
of SD
D2 - Severe Drought
  • Planting begins early; irrigation use increases
  • Hay is short; cattle sales are early
  • Fire season is extended; fire season is early; grass fires are common
69.1
of SD
D3 - Extreme Drought
  • Row crop loss is significant
  • Producers haul water for cattle and provide supplemental feeding; cattle sales increase
  • Burn bans begin
19.6
of SD
D4 - Exceptional Drought
  • Row crop loss is significant; producers are selling livestock herds; market prices fall
  • Epizootic hemorrhagic disease spreads; wildlife populations decline; recreational fishing and hunting are affected
  • Extremely low flow and river debris impair navigation of major rivers; commercial barge traffic slows; water use restrictions are implemented
0
of SD
D0 - Abnormally Dry
  • Grain and pasture growth is stunted
98.5
of SD
D1 - Moderate Drought
  • Topsoil is dry; grain crop yields decline
  • Pasture and water supplies decline; cattle industry is under stress
90.2
of SD
D2 - Severe Drought
  • Planting begins early; irrigation use increases
  • Hay is short; cattle sales are early
  • Fire season is extended; fire season is early; grass fires are common
63.1
of SD
D3 - Extreme Drought
  • Row crop loss is significant
  • Producers haul water for cattle and provide supplemental feeding; cattle sales increase
  • Burn bans begin
10.5
of SD
D4 - Exceptional Drought
  • Row crop loss is significant; producers are selling livestock herds; market prices fall
  • Epizootic hemorrhagic disease spreads; wildlife populations decline; recreational fishing and hunting are affected
  • Extremely low flow and river debris impair navigation of major rivers; commercial barge traffic slows; water use restrictions are implemented
0
of SD
742,161
people in South Dakota are affected by drought
0
counties with USDA disaster designations
1st
driest June was in 2021, over the past -2021 years
7th
driest year to date was in 2021, over the past -2021 years

Explore Drought Conditions by City and County

Summary

View up-to-date drought conditions down to the city and county level, including temperature, and precipitation conditions, key drought indicators, outlooks, historical conditions, and water supply, agriculture, and public health maps.

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Drought in South Dakota from 2000–Present

The U.S. Drought Monitor started in 2000. Since 2000, the longest duration of drought (D1–D4) in South Dakota lasted 349 weeks beginning on December 4, 2001, and ending on August 5, 2008. The most intense period of drought occurred the week of October 9, 2012, where D4 affected 32.57% of South Dakota land.

    The U.S. Drought Monitor (USDM) is a national map released every Thursday, showing parts of the U.S. that are currently in drought. The USDM relies on drought experts to synthesize the best available data and work with local observers to interpret the information. The USDM also incorporates ground truthing and information about how drought is affecting people, via a network of more than 450 observers across the country, including state climatologists, National Weather Service staff, Extension agents, and hydrologists. Learn more.

    The Standardized Precipitation Index (SPI) is an index to characterize meteorological drought on a range of timescales, ranging from 1 to 72 months. The SPI is the number of standard deviations that observed cumulative precipitation deviates from the climatological average. NOAA's National Centers for Environmental Information produce the 9-month SPI values below on a monthly basis, going back to 1895. Learn more.

    Tree rings are used to extend the instrumental record of drought to over 2,000 years. The Living Blended Drought Product (LBDP) is a recalibrated data series of June-July-August Palmer Modified Drought Index (PMDI) values in the lower 48 U.S. states. This dataset blends tree-ring reconstructions and instrumental data to estimate the average summer PMDI values, which extend over 2,000 years in some parts of the U.S. Learn more.