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ACT DROUGHT & WATER DASHBOARD

ACT Drought & Water Dashboard: Data & Maps

Data Source Summary

 

Below are all data sources used throughout the Alabama-Coosa-Tallapoosa (ACT) River Basin Drought & Water Dashboard. Have questions about the data, maps, or statistics on Drought.gov? Email us at drought.portal@noaa.gov.

Data Source Type

Drought and Precipitation Statistics

Data Sources
Source Name

28-Day Average Streamflow

Data Source Update Frequency/Last Updated
Updates Weekly (Thursdays)
Data Source Description

Source: U.S. Geological Survey

Summary table information from the U.S. Geological Survey was ingested and parsed to provide 28-day average streamflow statistics at the watershed level. Data are updated weekly on Thursdays.

Source Name

USDA Disaster Designations

Data Source Update Frequency/Last Updated
Updates Weekly
Data Source Description

Source: U.S. Department of Agriculture

A list of counties with disaster designations were ingested from the U.S. Department of Agriculture. Counties within the ACT River Basin were parsed and summed to identify the total number of counties with this designation.

Source Name

Monthly Precipitation Rankings

Data Source Update Frequency/Last Updated
Updates Monthly
Data Source Description

Source: NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information

The monthly rank value was generated using nClimGrid precipitation data (1895–present). Monthly precipitation totals were compared to the historical mean to generate anomalies. These monthly anomalies were then ranked to identify how the current monthly value compares throughout the historical record. A rank of 1 would represent the driest month on record; the higher the rank value, the wetter the month.

Source Name

Year-to-Date Precipitation Rankings

Data Source Update Frequency/Last Updated
Updates Monthly
Data Source Description

Source: NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information

The calendar year-to-date (YTD) rank value was generated using nClimGrid precipitation data (1895–present). Monthly precipitation totals were aggregated for the YTD (January 1 through the most recent month) and then compared to the historical YTD mean to generate anomalies. These anomalies were then ranked to identify how the current calendar YTD value compares throughout the historical record. A rank of 1 would represent the driest YTD on record; the higher the rank value, the wetter the YTD.

Data Source Type

Current Conditions for the ACT River Basin

Data Sources
Source Name

U.S. Drought Monitor

Data Source Update Frequency/Last Updated
Updates Weekly
Data Source Description

Sources: NDMCNOAAUSDA

U.S. Drought Monitor data from the National Drought Mitigation Center (NDMC) were available in a GIS format.

Source Name

Temperature: 15-Day Departure from Normal

Data Source Update Frequency/Last Updated
Updates Daily
Data Source Description

Sources: UC MercedClimate Engine

The 15-day departure from normal temperature map shows the difference of the last 15 days from the usual conditions for the same time period averaged from 1991–2020. This map uses the gridMET and PRISM temperature datasets, which are delayed from the current day by 3 to 4 days to allow for data collection and quality control. Temperature data from Climate Engine were available in raster format.

* Currently, data are only available for the contiguous U.S.
Source Name

Precipitation: 15-Day Percent of Normal

Data Source Update Frequency/Last Updated
Updates Daily
Data Source Description

Sources: UC MercedClimate Engine

The 15-day percent of normal precipitation map shows the difference of the last 15 days from the usual conditions for the same time period averaged from 1991–2020. This map uses the gridMET and NLDAS precipitation datasets, which are delayed from the current day by 3 to 4 days to allow for data collection and quality control. Precipitation data from Climate Engine were available in raster format.

* Currently, data are only available for the contiguous U.S.
Data Source Type

Streamflow and Reservoir Conditions for the ACT River Basin

Data Sources
Source Name

Real-Time Streamflow

Data Source Update Frequency/Last Updated
Updates Daily
Data Source Description

Sources: U.S. Geological Survey, U.S. Drought Monitor

Streamflow data were available in a GIS format from the U.S. Geological Survey's WaterWatch.

U.S. Drought Monitor (USDM) data from the National Drought Mitigation Center were available in a GIS format.

Source Name

28-Day Average Streamflow

Data Source Update Frequency/Last Updated
Updates Daily
Data Source Description

Sources: U.S. Geological Survey, U.S. Drought Monitor

Streamflow data were available in a GIS format from the U.S. Geological Survey's WaterWatch.

U.S. Drought Monitor (USDM) data from the National Drought Mitigation Center were available in a GIS format.

Source Name

AHPS 5-Day River Forecast

Data Source Update Frequency/Last Updated
Updates Daily
Data Source Description

Source: National Weather Service Advanced Hydrological Prediction Service (AHPS)

AHPS river forecast data are available in a GIS format from the National Weather Service.

Source Name

USACE Lake Levels + Forecasts

Data Source Update Frequency/Last Updated
Updates Daily
Data Source Description

Source: U.S. Army Corps of Engineers

Current lake level information is ingested daily from U.S. Army Corps of Engineers website. Lake level forecast data are ingested weekly via parsed PDF file. Current and forecasted lake data are joined to a shapefile for visualization.

Four projects within the ACF River Basin—Lake Seminole, West Point Lake, Walter F. George Reservoir, and Lake Sidney Lanier—as well as Allatoona and Carters in the adjacent ACT River Basin, are color coded based on USACE lake action zones. Current levels are also displayed for two additional projects in the ACT River Basin—R.F. Henry and William Dannelly—which do not have lake action zones or forecast information.

Source Name

Alabama Power Company Lakes

Data Source Description

Source: Alabama Power Company

Lake names and locations were obtained from the Alabama Power Company website.

Data Source Type

Agricultural Conditions for the ACT River Basin

Data Sources
Source Name

Crops and Livestock in Drought

Data Source Description

Sources: USDA National Agricultural Statistics Service, U.S. Drought Monitor

County-level commodities data were collected from USDA agricultural censuses. County figures for field crops represent the total acres harvested within that county. County figures for livestock represent the total inventory within that county. 

U.S. Drought Monitor (USDM) data from the National Drought Mitigation Center were available in a GIS format.

Source Name

Agricultural Statistics

Data Source Description

Sources: USDA National Agricultural Statistics Service, U.S. Drought Monitor

GIS was used to aggregate the number of acres of a crop or inventory of livestock present in a geographic region, according to 2017 data from the USDA National Agricultural Statistics Service. To calculate the acres of crops/inventory of livestock in drought, these values were multiplied by the percent area of the watershed region in moderate (D1) to exceptional (D4) drought, according to the U.S. Drought Monitor. 

This calculation makes several assumptions, including that crops and livestock are evenly distributed throughout a county/watershed. Therefore, the crops and livestock in drought statistic is an estimation of crops and livestock in drought and not an exact value.

Data Source Type

Soil Moisture Conditions for the ACT River Basin

Data Sources
Source Name

Lawn and Garden Moisture Index

Data Source Update Frequency/Last Updated
Updates Daily
Data Source Description

Source: Alabama Office of the State Climatologist

Lawn and Garden Moisture Index data are available in gridded text format from the Alabama Office of the State Climatologist. Data were ingested and joined to a spatial grid for visualization.

Source Name

NASA SPoRT-LIS 0–100 cm Soil Moisture Percentile

Data Source Update Frequency/Last Updated
Updates Daily
Data Source Description

Source: NASA

Soil moisture data from NASA Short-term Prediction Research and Transition Center (SPoRT) were available in raster format.

Source Name

RK 20 cm Soil Moisture Percentile

Data Source Update Frequency/Last Updated
Updates Daily
Data Source Description

Source: NationalSoilMoisture.com

Soil moisture data from NationalSoilMoisture.com were available in ACSII format. The ASCII data was ingested and converted raster data using GIS.

Data Source Type

Environmental Impacts for the ACT River Basin

Data Sources
Source Name

Keetch-Byram Drought Index (KBDI)

Data Source Update Frequency/Last Updated
Updates Daily
Data Source Description

Source: North Carolina State Climate Office

Keetch-Byram Drought Index (KBDI) data were ingested from the North Carolina State Climate Office THREDDS data catalogue.

Source Name

Coastal Salinity Index (CSI)

Data Source Update Frequency/Last Updated
Updates Daily
Data Source Description

Sources: U.S. Geological SurveyU.S. Drought Monitor

The U.S. Geological Survey offers coastal salinity data in text formats (e.g., CSV and JSON). Data were ingested and joined to a station point layer to provide a visualization of the data.

U.S. Drought Monitor (USDM) data from the National Drought Mitigation Center were available in a GIS format.

Source Name

AirNow Air Quality Index

Data Source Update Frequency/Last Updated
Updates Daily at 10 a.m. ET
Data Source Description

Sources: AirNow, U.S. Drought Monitor

AirNow is a one-stop source for air quality data. AirNow reports air quality using the official U.S. Air Quality Index (AQI), a color-coded index designed to communicate whether air quality is healthy or unhealthy.

The AQI is calculated for four major air pollutants regulated by the Clean Air Act: ground level ozone, particle pollution, carbon monoxide, and sulfur dioxide. For each of these pollutants, EPA has established national air quality standards to protect public health. Of these, ground-level ozone and airborne particles are the two pollutants that pose the greatest threat to human health.

AirNow is a partnership of the EPA, NOAA, National Park Service, NASA, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and tribal, state, and local air quality agencies.

U.S. Drought Monitor (USDM) data from the National Drought Mitigation Center were available in a GIS format.

Data Source Type

Future Conditions for the ACT River Basin

Data Sources
Source Name

CPC Monthly and Seasonal Drought Outlooks

Data Source Update Frequency/Last Updated
Updates Monthly
Data Source Description

Source: National Weather Service Climate Prediction Center

Monthly and Seasonal Drought Outlooks from the National Weather Service's Climate Prediction Center (CPC) were available in a GIS format.

Source Name

1-Month Precipitation & Temperature Outlooks

Data Source Update Frequency/Last Updated
Updates Monthly
Data Source Description

Source: National Weather Service Climate Prediction Center

Temperature and precipitation outlooks from the National Weather Service's Climate Prediction Center (CPC) were available in a GIS format.

Source Name

Evaporative Demand Drought Index (EDDI) Subseasonal Forecast

Data Source Update Frequency/Last Updated
Updates Daily
Data Source Description

Source: UC Merced

Experimental Evaporative Demand Drought Index (EDDI) subseasonal forecast data were available from the University of Idaho's THREDDS server in raster format.

Source Name

Quantitative Precipitation Forecast (QPF): 1-Day and 7-Day

Data Source Update Frequency/Last Updated
Updates Daily
Data Source Description

Source: National Weather Service Weather Prediction Center

Quantitative Precipitation Forecast (QPF) data were available in a GIS format from the National Weather Service's Weather Prediction Center. The QPF maps on Drought.gov are updated daily and are valid from 12z (7 a.m. EST) that day.

Data Source Type

Historical Conditions for the ACT River Basin

Data Sources
Source Name

U.S. Drought Monitor (2000–Present)

Data Source Update Frequency/Last Updated
Updates Weekly
Data Source Description

Sources: NDMCNOAAUSDA

U.S. Drought Monitor (USDM) data from the National Drought Mitigation Center were available in a GIS format.

Source Name

Standardized Precipitation Index (1895–Present)

Data Source Update Frequency/Last Updated
Updates Monthly
Data Source Description

Source: NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information

Standardized Precipitation Index (SPI) data were generated using nClimGrid 5km precipitation data. Monthly gridded SPI data was fitted into the U.S. Drought Monitor drought percentile categories. Categories were accumulated to provide statistical information at the CONUS, state, and county scales.

* Currently, data are only available for the contiguous U.S.
Source Name

Paleoclimate Data (0–2017)

Data Source Update Frequency/Last Updated
Yearly Data (Last Updated 2017)
Data Source Description

Source: NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information

Annual gridded paleoclimate Palmer Modified Drought Index (PMDI) data—from the Living Blended Drought Product—were fitted into the U.S. Drought Monitor drought percentile categories. Categories were accumulated to provide statistical information at the CONUS, state, and county scales.

* Currently, data are only available for the contiguous U.S.