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Current U.S. Drought Monitor Conditions for Texas

The U.S. Drought Monitor (USDM) is updated each Thursday to show the location and intensity of drought across the country. This map shows drought conditions across Texas using a five-category system, from Abnormally Dry (D0) conditions to Exceptional Drought (D4). The USDM is a joint effort of the National Drought Mitigation Center, USDA, and NOAA. Learn more.

The following state-specific drought impacts were compiled by the National Drought Mitigation Center. While these impacts are not exhaustive, they can help provide a clearer picture of drought in Texas. 

D0 - Abnormally Dry
  • Producers begin supplemental feeding for livestock
  • Planting is postponed; forage germination is stunted; hay cutting is reduced
  • Grass fires increase
90.4
of TX
(D0–D4)
D1 - Moderate Drought
  • Dryland crops are stunted
  • Early cattle sales begin
  • Wildfire frequency increases
81.4
of TX
(D1–D4)
D2 - Severe Drought
  • Pasture conditions are very poor
  • Soil is hard, hindering planting; crop yields decrease
  • Wildfire danger is severe; burn bans are implemented
69.5
of TX
(D2–D4)
D3 - Extreme Drought
  • Soil has large cracks; soil moisture is very low; dust and sand storms occur
  • Row and forage crops fail to germinate; decreased yields for irrigated crops and very large yield reduction for dryland crops are reported
  • Need for supplemental feed, nutrients, protein, and water for livestock increases; herds are sold
55.8
of TX
(D3–D4)
D4 - Exceptional Drought
  • Exceptional and widespread crop loss is reported; rangeland is dead; producers are not planting fields
  • Seafood, forestry, tourism, and agriculture sectors report significant financial loss
  • Extreme sensitivity to fire danger; firework restrictions are implemented
28.9
of TX
(D4)
D0 - Abnormally Dry
  • Producers begin supplemental feeding for livestock
  • Planting is postponed; forage germination is stunted; hay cutting is reduced
  • Grass fires increase
89.5
of TX
(D0–D4)
D1 - Moderate Drought
  • Dryland crops are stunted
  • Early cattle sales begin
  • Wildfire frequency increases
79.2
of TX
(D1–D4)
D2 - Severe Drought
  • Pasture conditions are very poor
  • Soil is hard, hindering planting; crop yields decrease
  • Wildfire danger is severe; burn bans are implemented
68.1
of TX
(D2–D4)
D3 - Extreme Drought
  • Soil has large cracks; soil moisture is very low; dust and sand storms occur
  • Row and forage crops fail to germinate; decreased yields for irrigated crops and very large yield reduction for dryland crops are reported
  • Need for supplemental feed, nutrients, protein, and water for livestock increases; herds are sold
53.0
of TX
(D3–D4)
D4 - Exceptional Drought
  • Exceptional and widespread crop loss is reported; rangeland is dead; producers are not planting fields
  • Seafood, forestry, tourism, and agriculture sectors report significant financial loss
  • Extreme sensitivity to fire danger; firework restrictions are implemented
24.5
of TX
(D4)
D0 - Abnormally Dry
  • Producers begin supplemental feeding for livestock
  • Planting is postponed; forage germination is stunted; hay cutting is reduced
  • Grass fires increase
96.1
of TX
(D0–D4)
D1 - Moderate Drought
  • Dryland crops are stunted
  • Early cattle sales begin
  • Wildfire frequency increases
87.4
of TX
(D1–D4)
D2 - Severe Drought
  • Pasture conditions are very poor
  • Soil is hard, hindering planting; crop yields decrease
  • Wildfire danger is severe; burn bans are implemented
72.5
of TX
(D2–D4)
D3 - Extreme Drought
  • Soil has large cracks; soil moisture is very low; dust and sand storms occur
  • Row and forage crops fail to germinate; decreased yields for irrigated crops and very large yield reduction for dryland crops are reported
  • Need for supplemental feed, nutrients, protein, and water for livestock increases; herds are sold
53.5
of TX
(D3–D4)
D4 - Exceptional Drought
  • Exceptional and widespread crop loss is reported; rangeland is dead; producers are not planting fields
  • Seafood, forestry, tourism, and agriculture sectors report significant financial loss
  • Extreme sensitivity to fire danger; firework restrictions are implemented
15.9
of TX
(D4)
16,665,729
people in Texas are affected by drought
209
counties with USDA disaster designations
24th
driest April was in 2022, over the past 128 years
12th
driest year to date was in 2022, over the past 128 years

Explore Drought Conditions by City and County

Summary

View up-to-date drought conditions down to the city and county level, including temperature, and precipitation conditions, key drought indicators, outlooks, historical conditions, and water supply, agriculture, and public health maps.

View Conditions by City:
View Conditions by County:

Drought in Texas from 2000–Present

The U.S. Drought Monitor started in 2000. Since 2000, the longest duration of drought (D1–D4) in Texas lasted 271 weeks beginning on May 4, 2010, and ending on July 7, 2015. The most intense period of drought occurred the week of October 4, 2011, where D4 affected 87.99% of Texas land.

The U.S. Drought Monitor (USDM) is a national map released every Thursday, showing parts of the U.S. that are in drought. The USDM relies on drought experts to synthesize the best available data and work with local observers to interpret the information. The USDM also incorporates ground truthing and information about how drought is affecting people, via a network of more than 450 observers across the country, including state climatologists, National Weather Service staff, Extension agents, and hydrologists. Learn more.

Time Period (Years): to

Web Resources for Texas